HYPERPIGMENTATION

In the very top surface-layer of the skin, there are specialized cells called Melanocytes, whose job it is to make Melanin. Melanin is your skin’s natural pigment. Depending on your genetic programing, your Melanocytes will produce whatever amount of melanin needed to generate your natural skin tone. From extremely pale, to dark black and everything in between.

For a variety of reasons, a group of melanocytes may become hyper active and produce too much melanin. When this occurs, the skin becomes “hyper-pigmented”. Examples are “sun spots”, or “age spots”, or even a “Melasma” which is typically associated with skin types who’s Melanocytes are sensitive to hormonal changes. In some skin types, the Melanocytes are also sensitive to inflammation, and thus, any condition that irritates the skin, such as burns, and even acne, will cause hyperpigmentation.

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Melasma is a very difficult and tricky skin condition to resolve. It appears as dark patches of pigmentation on the skin that often sneaks up onto a woman’s face. One day out-of-the-blue, she suddenly notices a dark shadow or “patch” appearing on her face. The hyperpigmentation can vary from wide and diffuse to a bunch of smaller dark spots (like freckles) that never bothered her before, that suddenly grow bigger and darker and merge into a single larger dark patch on her face.

 

Melasma is one of the most prominent skin problems in the world. Nearly 6 million Americans suffer from Melasma. The problem reveals itself in the form of dark spots on skin including the nose, cheeks, forehead, upper lip and chin. However, the dark spots of Melasma can be found in other areas that are exposed to the sun. Other common areas include the neck and forearms.

Melasma can affect a wide variety of people but women are the most likely candidates.

 

We’ve all seen them and some of us have even been born with them—but the truth remains that no one really knows where birthmarks come from and what causes them. Today we explore the different types of birthmarks out there, we take a look at birthmark removal, and also provide you with some useful information on the costs of such procedures.

What is a Birthmark

A birthmark is a blemish on the skin visible at birth, or a very short while after birth.

 

By far, when working with hyperpigmentation issues, laser treatment for dark skin is the most difficult, reactive and challenging skin. Such as those with Mayan, Native American and Asian origins, and especially East Asian skin types, such as Indian/Pakistani. Even when such ethic skin is otherwise healthy, treating a melasma is extra challenging and requires additional testing and ongoing modifications to avoid the natural tendency of darker “ethnic” skin to hyper-pigment in reaction to any kind of irritation.